An analysis of the meaning of life in the works of the key thinkers in modern existentialism

However, the concept has seen widespread use in existentialist writings, and the conclusions drawn from it differ slightly from the phenomenological accounts. Maurice Merleau-Ponty - is another influential and often overlooked French Existentialist of the period.

Jean Paul Sartre: Existentialism

Instead, the phrase should be taken to say that people are 1 defined only insofar as they act and 2 that they are responsible for their actions. Remarkably, what in sounded like megalomania came some years later to be realized.

For Sartre, existentialism is a deeply optimistic doctrine: Investigating the question of the meaning of Being we discover that it arises only because it is made possible by the human being which poses the question. For more details, see the section on the doctrine of Existentialism.

Alternatively, it might be a more specifically theological claim: What truth discovers is that at the ground of all truth lies an unquestionable faith in the value of truth.

We should note here that many of the existentialists take on a broadly Kantian notion of freedom: Practices can allow things to show up as meaningful—as hammers, dollar bills, or artworks—because practices involve aims that carry with them norms, satisfaction conditions, for what shows up in them.

Because it is not a thing, it is not subject to the laws of things; specifically, it is not part of a chain of causes and its identity is not akin to that of a substance. Instead, we shall look at the positions of Heidegger and Sartre, who provide opposing examples of how an authentic relation to history and politics can be understood.

In France, philosophers like Sartre were criticised by those newly under the influence of structuralism for paying insufficient attention to the nature of language and to impersonal structures of meaning. Ten Good Questions about Life and Death.

This, the existentialists argue, is because such properties are never merely brute determinations of who I am but are always in question. Like Sartre it is only later in her life that this will be acknowledged. These terms often carry a definite historical resonance, embodying a critique of specifically modern modes of human existence.

In my intentional directedness towards my beloved I find her 'loveable'. The Risk of Being: Equally important is the elevation of the practical above the theoretical in German Idealists. In this article, we have not stressed the importance of the concept of time for existentialism, but it should not be overlooked: Bibliography The bibliography is divided into two sections; taken together, they provide a representative sample of existentialist writing.

Other philosophy The Other when written with a capital "O" is a concept more properly belonging to phenomenology and its account of intersubjectivity. Sartre argues that this moral dilemma cannot be resolved through received doctrine—either choice would violate an apparent moral obligation, and the choice of which doctrine to follow or how to measure his feelings for his mother would itself be a moral choice.

Existentialism

This empty space can only be filled by something greater and fuller, which in the Nietzschean jargon means the greatest unity of contradictory forces. In English in it appeared as The Second Sex in an abridged translation.

If I love her, I love her because she is lovable Sartre Rarely if ever am I simply observing the world; instead I am involved in wanting to do something, I have a goal or purpose.Though in Heidegger would repudiate the retrospective labelling of his earlier work as existentialism, Now a person whose sense of doing God's will is what gives her life meaning will be intelligible just to the extent that her action conforms to the universal dictates of ethics.

Situating Existentialism: Key Texts in Context. New. On the Meaning of Life. London: Thompson/Wadsworth, E-mail Citation» Argues that nine common views on meaning in life (e.g., that an infinite being is necessary for meaning or that meaning is exhausted by happiness) are flawed. Emphasizes that meaning must reside largely in activities we engage in, lest our lives be reduced to “tools” for the sake of ends beyond us.

Existentialism

Sartre: Existentialism and the Modern World Existentialism is a philosophical and literary movement that flourished primarily during the two decades after World War II, although it had been developing during the previous two decades, and continued to be influential in later years.

Philosophers who debated the meaning of life in 19th-century Europe were trying to understand what it meant to have a 'self' and how human beings could live an ethical existence. Modern existentialism reproduced such ideas and combined them in more or less coherent ways. Human existence is, for all the forms of existentialism, the projection of the future on.

Sartre: Existentialism and the Modern World Existentialism is a philosophical and literary movement that flourished primarily during the two decades after World War II, although it had been developing during the previous two decades, and continued to be influential in later years.

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An analysis of the meaning of life in the works of the key thinkers in modern existentialism
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